Jun Märkl

Jun Märkl : Exciting Organ-Symphony of Saint-Saëns \ Breathtaking first movement (1/4)

Spanish Radio-Television Symphony Orchestra; Jun Märkl, cond. (Monumental Theatre of Madrid, -live-). Saint-Saëns seemed to know it would be his last attempt at the symphonic form and wrote it as a history of his own career: virtuoso piano passages, brilliant orchestral writing and a cathedral-sized pipe organ.

The main theme of the Maestoso was later adapted and used in the 1977 pop-song "If I Had Words" by Scott Fitzgerald and Yvonne Keeley. The Maestoso movement is also included in the soundtrack of the film Impressions de France, which plays in the France pavilion at Epcot at the Walt Disney World Resort. The song and the symphony were used as the main theme in the 1995 family film Babe and its 1998 sequel Babe: Pig in the City and can be heard in the 1989 comedy, How to Get Ahead in Advertising. The piece is also featured in the Blue Stars Drum and Bugle Corps 2008 show "Le Tour: Every Second Counts" in the finale. The tune of the symphony also serves as the national anthem of the micronation of the Empire of Atlantium under the name "Auroran Hymn". Although not included in the soundtrack, the Maestoso movement can be heard along with Dvořák's 9th Symphony in Emir Kusturica's film Underground. The composer Philip Sparke created a brass band test piece based on the symphony which was then assigned to Fourth Section bands for the National Brass Band Championships of Great Britain in 2010.

The symphony was commissioned by the Royal Philharmonic Society in England, and the first performance was given in London on 19 May 1886, at St James's Hall, conducted by the composer. After the death of his friend Franz Liszt on 31 July 1886, Saint-Saëns dedicated the work to Liszt's memory.

Sinfonia 3 c-molli op. 78 on Camille Saint-Saënsin sinfonia, joka valmistui vuonna 1886. Teos kuuluu Saint-Saënsin arvostetuimpiin. Sinfonia tunnetaan myös nimellä Urkusinfonia. Noin 35 minuuttia kestävä teos on kaksiosainen, mutta sen kaksi osaa jakautuvat yhä kahteen erilliseen osaan, joten se näyttäytyy lopulta varsin perinteisenä neliosaisena sinfoniana, jossa toinen osa on hitain.

Symfoni 3 i c-moll, op. 78, ble ferdigstilt av Saint-Saëns i 1886 på det som trolig var toppen av hans karriere. Den er også populært kjent som «Orgelsymfonien», selv om det ikke er et ekte orgelsymfoni, kun en orkestersymfoni der to av fire seksjoner bruker pipeorgel. Den franske tittelen på verket er mer nøyaktig: Symphonie No. 3 med orgel.

Skladateľ symfóniu dokončil v roku 1886. Symfóniu od začiatku plánoval venovať skladateľovi a svojmu priateľovi Franzovi Lisztovi, ten však zomrel krátko po londýnskej premiére, ktorú dirigoval sám skladateľ. Saint-Saëns tak nakoniec skladbu venoval Lisztovej pamiatke.

Saint-Saënsovi sa dlho nepodarilo získať výrazný úspech v symfonickej tvorbe. O svojej tretej symfónií prehlásil: „Dal som do nej všetko, čoho som bol schopný.“ Ďalšiu symfóniu už nikdy nenapísal. Tretia symfónia predstavuje akúsi rekapituláciu jeho života. Z tohto dôvodu v nej netradične použil organ a klavír – dva nástroje, ktoré ho sprevádzali po celý život.

この交響曲の最も顕著で独創的な特徴は、各所に織り込まれた、ピアノ(2手もしくは4手)およびオルガン、すなわち鍵盤楽器の巧妙な用法である。そのほか、この交響曲は通常の4楽章構造にしたがっているように見えるが、通常の意味での第1と第2、第3と第4の楽章はそれぞれ結合されており(それぞれを「楽章」と呼ばず、「第1部・第2部」としている)、これら2つの部分が実質的に1つの楽章として機能するため、2つの楽章に圧縮されていると言うことができる。サン=サーンスはここで、伝統的なスタイルも踏まえつつも新たなる新たな形の交響曲を意図していたのである。1875年のピアノ協奏曲第4番や前年に初演されたヴァイオリンソナタ第1番でも同様の構成が採られている

La Symphonie 3 en ut mineur op. 78, dite «avec orgue», est l'une des œuvres symphoniques les plus célèbres de Camille Saint-Saëns. Il s'agit, en fait, de la cinquième symphonie du musicien, ce dernier ayant répudié ses œuvres de jeunesse. Son écriture s'étend entre 1885 et 1886 et elle est dédiée à son ami Franz Liszt décédé le 31 juillet 1886.

Zu seinen berühmten Kompositionen zählt auch die Sinfonie Nr. 3 in c-Moll, die Orgelsinfonie, die weltweit Anklang fand und das Dies irae zum Grundthema hat. Das signifikante Maestoso des Werks inspirierte das Duo Scott Fitzgerald und Yvonne Keeley zu der Reggae-Adaption If I Had Words, die 1978 zu einem Charterfolg wurde.